Evaluation of Motorcycle Crash Prevention Initiatives
Studying the Effectiveness of Motorcycle Rider Training, Riding Strategies, Licensure, and Road Surfaces in Reducing the Incidence of Motorcycle Crashes
Motorcycle Rider Training Impact on Crash Involvement
- The Effect of Sight Distance Training on the Visual Scanning of Motorcycle Riders: A Preliminary Look - a Feb. 2013 NHTSA report using over-the-road naturalistic data collection of head and eye movement of motorcyclists to compare the motorcycle motion and behavior of novice and new beginner trained or experienced motorcycle riders
- Motorcycle Rider Training for the Prevention of Road Traffic Crashes - a review of 23 previous research studies that reported an evaluation of the effectiveness of motorcycle-rider courses, conducted primarily in the U.S., in reducing the number of traffic offenses, motorcycle-rider crashes, injuries, and deaths
- Evaluation Advanced Training Course for Motorcyclists: Motorcyclists Ride Safer After Training - a report evaluating the advanced training course of the Royal Dutch Motorcyclists Association, which is a one-day course that teaches motorcyclists to recognize, analyze, and anticipate potential traffic hazards
- Rider Training and Collision Avoidance in Thailand and Los Angeles Motorcycle Crashes - a paper that attempts to answer the question "Does rider training to develop collision avoidance skills actually prevent crashes?"
- MSF Partners with NHTSA To Conduct Landmark Rider Education Study - officially named "The Longitudinal Study to Improve Crash Avoidance Skills," but commonly referred to as the "MSF RETS Discovery Project," the purpose of this study launched Jan. 2009 is to determine the effects of involvement in a rider education and training system on crash prevention and avoidance skills, risk management, riding habits, and safety characteristics
- Landmark Motorcycle Rider Training Study Extended to 2011
The Discovery Project is the first motorcycle study to objectively evaluate the benefits of rider training based upon the principles of safety renewal. … The results could very well chart the course of motorcycle rider education for decades, and most importantly, help reduce the number of motorcycle crashes.
—Dr. Sherry Williams, MSF Director of Quality Assurance and Research
- Landmark Motorcycle Rider Training Study Extended to 2011
- The MSF 100 Motorcyclists Naturalistic Study - Feb. 18, 2011, update on the world’s first large-scale, naturalistic motorcycle riding study, the study that reflects true riding character: "how [motorcyclists] ride when they think no one is watching.”
- The Naturalistic Study Aug. 2012 - overview of the field research that tracks comprehensive, real-time routine riding, the results of which, likely including near crash, pre-crash, and actual crash data heretofore unavailable, will be released at a later date.
- The Naturalistic Study Sept. 2014 - news release announcing that all 100 riders on their equipped motorcycles have completed the data-acquisition phase of the study, and the analysis phase is now yielding preliminary results
- Evaluation of VicRide On-Road Coaching Program - a project evaluating a rider coaching program that is being tested in Victoria for newly licensed riders, the results of which will be used to inform road safety policy decisions on the implementation of a behavioral program for motorcycle riders
- Evaluation of the California Motorcyclist Safety Program - a presentation by John W. Billheimer, at the 2001 International Motorcycle Safety Conference, of a study that included a review of comparison studies (1980–1990) evaluating the accident rate and violation rate of trained and untrained riders
Motorcycle Rider Maneuvering Strategies
Lane-Sharing, Lane-Splitting, or Filtering
- Motorcycle Lane-Sharing: Literature Review - a 27-page study sponsored by the Oregon Department of Transportation. published June 2010, summarizes the potential benefits of lane-sharing and discusses safety considerations for the practice
- Lane Sharing: A Global Solution for Motorcycle Safety - an article originally published in Motorcycle Consumer News October 2011 and provided here by permission of the author Steve Guderian
- Lane Sharing As a Motorcycle Rider Safety Practice: A Further Evaluation -an article originally published in Motorcycle Consumer News October 2012 as a follow-up to the article above and provided here by permission of the author Steve Guderian
- Motorcycle Lane-share study among California Motorcyclists and Drivers 2014 and Comparison to 2012 and 2013 data: Methodological and Analysis Report. May 2014 - Safe Transportation Research and Education Center, University of California Berkeley. This intercept survey initiated in 2012 and designed to collect longitudinal information in a statewide statistically representative study of California motorcyclists and California drivers regarding their behavior and opinions on motorcycle lane-sharing on freeways and other multiple-lane roadways.
- Safety implications of lane-splitting among California motorcyclists involved in collisions. August 2014 - Safe Transportation Research and Education Center University of California Berkeley. Report summarizes an analysis of preliminary data from the California Enhanced Motorcycle Collision Data Project. Reports the prevalence of lane-splitting among approximately 8,000 motorcyclists who were involved traffic collisions in June 2012 through August 2013 and examine how other characteristics vary by whether the motorcyclist was lane-splitting.
- Motorcycle Lane-splitting and Safety in California. May 2015 - Safe Transportation Research and Education Center, University of California Berkeley. Report on the prevalence of lane-splitting among 5,969 motorcyclists who were involved in traffic collisions from June 2012 through August 2013 and examines how other characteristics varied by whether the motorcyclist was lane-splitting at the time of their collision.
Motorcycle Rider Licensure Impact on Crash Involvement
Unlicensed motorcycle operators appear to be disproportionately involved in police-reported motorcycle crashes in Maryland, accounting for about 27 percent of motorcycle operators in police-reported crashes, although unlicensed owners comprise 17 percent of primary motorcycle owners. A randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine whether an educational intervention could increase licensure rates among Maryland motorcycle owners.
- Can Unlicensed Motorcycle Owners Be Persuaded to Obtain a License? Evaluation of a Safety Program - a report of research conducted in Maryland regarding the impact of an intervention aimed at increasing the number of riders who are properly licensed
- Promising Practices in Motorcycle Rider Education and Licensing - a 2005 NHTSA report, the purpose of which is to develop a research-based model of promising practices in rider education and licensing
Rumble Strips and Barriers
Crash barriers that save the lives of car occupants can be killers of motorcyclists. The statistics are stark: hitting a crash barrier is a factor in 8 to 16 per cent of rider deaths, and riders are 15 times more likely to be killed than car occupants. Barrier support posts are particularly aggressive, they can cause a 5-fold increase in injury severity compared to the average motorcycle crash.
The question is: can crash barriers be designed so that riders have some protection against the aggressive features that cause devastating injuries?
- Effects of Centerline Rumble Strips on Motorcycles - a study by the Minnesota DOT to determine if centerline rumble strips contribute to cyclist accidents or negatively affect motorcycle-rider behavior
- Study of High-Tension Cable Barriers on Michigan Roadways - an Oct. 24, 2014, final report by Wayne State University
- The Effect of Barrier Type on Injury Severity in Motorcycle to Barrier Collisions in North Carolina, Texas, and New Jersey - a Nov. 15, 2010 report by Virginia Tech - Wake Forest University, School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences
- Barriers to Change: Designing Safe Roads for Motorcyclists - a Dec. 2008 position paper published by the European Road Assessment Programme (EuroRAP) Motorcycle Safety Review Panel
- Motorcycle Impacts into Roadside Barriers–Real-World Accident Studies, Crash Tests and Simulations Carried Out in Germany and Australia - a paper that describes relevant, real-world accident scenarios, the different roadside protection systems used for the tests, the crash tests, the modeling simulations and the results, and proposed improvements to barrier systems to reduce injury severity